Hyperpigmentation: The darkening of a patch of skin due to increased melanin production. It can be caused by sun exposure, hormonal changes, or skin injuries.

Pros: Not a medical condition, but can be a cosmetic concern.

Cons: Hyperpigmentation can be difficult to treat and may require a combination of approaches.

Alternatives: Sun protection is key for prevention. Topical creams, chemical peels, and laser treatments can be used for lightening.

Recovery Time: Varies depending on the treatment used.

Disclaimer: Consult a dermatologist to determine the best course of action for treating hyperpigmentation.